Basketball Terms Ipsum

Word Lists: Basketball Terms

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3p the formula is (award points) / (maximum number of award points). for example, in the 2002-03 mvp voting tim duncan had 962 points out of a possible 1190. his mvp award share is 962 / 1190 = 0.81. drb field goal attempts (includes both 2-point field goal attempts and 3-point field goal attempts) free throw percentage; the formula is ft / fta. dean oliver's "four factors of basketball success"; please see the article four factors for more information. l mov offensive rebound percentage (available since the 1970-71 season in the nba); the formula is 100 * (orb * (tm mp / 5)) / (mp * (tm orb + opp drb)). offensive rebound percentage is an estimate of the percentage of available offensive rebounds a player grabbed while he was on the floor. pace team true shooting attempts; the formula is fga + 0.44 * fta. usage percentage (available since the 1977-78 season in the nba); the formula is 100 * ((fga + 0.44 * fta + tov) * (tm mp / 5)) / (mp * (tm fga + 0.44 * tm fta + tm tov)). usage percentage is an estimate of the percentage of team plays used by a player while he was on the floor. w pyth pythagorean wins; the formula is g * (tm pts14 / (tm pts14 + opp pts14)). the formula was obtained by fitting a logistic regression model with log(tm pts / opp pts) as the explanatory variable. using this formula for all baa, nba, and aba seasons, the root mean-square error (rmse) is 3.14 wins. using an exponent of 16.5 (a common choice), the rmse is 3.48 wins. (note: an exponent of 10 is used for the wnba.).

3p% 3-point field goal attempts (available since the 1979-80 season in the nba) blk defensive player of the year defensive rating (available since the 1977-78 season in the nba); for players and teams it is points allowed per 100 posessions. this rating was developed by dean oliver, author of basketball on paper. i will point you to dean's book for complete details. effective field goal percentage; the formula is (fg + 0.5 * 3p) / fga. this statistic adjusts for the fact that a 3-point field goal is worth one more point than a 2-point field goal. for example, suppose player a goes 4 for 10 with 2 threes, while player b goes 5 for 10 with 0 threes. each player would have 10 points from field goals, and thus would have the same effective field goal percentage (50%). fg% free throw percentage; the formula is ft / fta. games games behind; the formula is ((first w - w) + (l - first l)) / 2, where first w and first l stand for wins and losses by the first place team, respectively. league minutes played (available since the 1951-52 season) opp orb ows player efficiency rating (available since the 1951-52 season); per is a rating developed by espn.com columnist john hollinger. in john's words, "the per sums up all a player's positive accomplishments, subtracts the negative accomplishments, and returns a per-minute rating of a player's performance." please see the article calculating per for more information. also see vaa and var. a statistic (e.g., assists) divided by games. possessions (available since the 1973-74 season in the nba); the formula for teams is 0.5 * ((tm fga + 0.4 * tm fta - 1.07 * (tm orb / (tm orb + opp drb)) * (tm fga - tm fg) + tm tov) + (opp fga + 0.4 * opp fta - 1.07 * (opp orb / (opp orb + tm drb)) * (opp fga - opp fg) + opp tov)). this formula estimates possessions based on both the team's statistics and their opponent's statistics, then averages them to provide a more stable estimate. the formula for players is rather lengthy and can be found in dean oliver's book. pts roy sixth man of the year sos strength of schedule; a rating of strength of schedule. the rating is denominated in points above/below average, where zero is average. my colleague doug drinen of pro-football-reference.com has written a great explanation of this method. team tov% true shooting attempts; the formula is fga + 0.44 * fta. w > .500 won-lost percentage; the formula is w / (w + l). ws/48 year.

3pa age block percentage (available since the 1973-74 season in the nba); the formula is 100 * (blk * (tm mp / 5)) / (mp * (opp fga - opp 3pa)). block percentage is an estimate of the percentage of opponent two-point field goal attempts blocked by the player while he was on the floor. effective field goal percentage; the formula is (fg + 0.5 * 3p) / fga. this statistic adjusts for the fact that a 3-point field goal is worth one more point than a 2-point field goal. for example, suppose player a goes 4 for 10 with 2 threes, while player b goes 5 for 10 with 0 threes. each player would have 10 points from field goals, and thus would have the same effective field goal percentage (50%). ft% l losses mvp margin of victory; the formula is pts - opp pts. offensive rebound percentage (available since the 1970-71 season in the nba); the formula is 100 * (orb * (tm mp / 5)) / (mp * (tm orb + opp drb)). offensive rebound percentage is an estimate of the percentage of available offensive rebounds a player grabbed while he was on the floor. pf smoy stl% trb true shooting attempts; the formula is fga + 0.44 * fta. wins win shares; an estimate of the number of wins contributed by a player. please see the article calculating win shares for more information. ws/48 win shares per 48 minutes (available since the 1951-52 season in the nba); an estimate of the number of wins contributed by the player per 48 minutes (league average is approximately 0.100). please see the article calculating win shares for more information. the estimated probability that team a will defeat team b in a given matchup..
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