# Basketball Terms Ipsum

**Word Lists:**
Basketball Terms

3-point field goal percentage (available since the 1979-80 season in the nba); the formula is 3p / 3pa. defensive rebound percentage (available since the 1970-71 season in the nba); the formula is 100 * (drb * (tm mp / 5)) / (mp * (tm drb + opp orb)). defensive rebound percentage is an estimate of the percentage of available defensive rebounds a player grabbed while he was on the floor. fg fg% field goal attempts (includes both 2-point field goal attempts and 3-point field goal attempts) ft ft% free throw percentage; the formula is ft / fta. mvp per 36 minutes pprod roy strength of schedule; a rating of strength of schedule. the rating is denominated in points above/below average, where zero is average. my colleague doug drinen of pro-football-reference.com has written a great explanation of this method. simple rating system; a rating that takes into account average point differential and strength of schedule. the rating is denominated in points above/below average, where zero is average. my colleague doug drinen of pro-football-reference.com has written a great explanation of this method. steals (available since the 1973-74 season in the nba) tov% usage percentage (available since the 1977-78 season in the nba); the formula is 100 * ((fga + 0.44 * fta + tov) * (tm mp / 5)) / (mp * (tm fga + 0.44 * tm fta + tm tov)). usage percentage is an estimate of the percentage of team plays used by a player while he was on the floor. wins over .500; the formula is (w - l) / 2. won-lost percentage; the formula is w / (w + l)..

2pa 2-point field goal attempts age age; player age on february 1 of the given season. dws effective field goal percentage; the formula is (fg + 0.5 * 3p) / fga. this statistic adjusts for the fact that a 3-point field goal is worth one more point than a 2-point field goal. for example, suppose player a goes 4 for 10 with 2 threes, while player b goes 5 for 10 with 0 threes. each player would have 10 points from field goals, and thus would have the same effective field goal percentage (50%). games behind; the formula is ((first w - w) + (l - first l)) / 2, where first w and first l stand for wins and losses by the first place team, respectively. games started (available since the 1982 season) l league opp opponent ows offensive win shares; please see the article calculating win shares for more information. poss rookie of the year true shooting attempts; the formula is fga + 0.44 * fta. pythagorean wins; the formula is g * (tm pts14 / (tm pts14 + opp pts14)). the formula was obtained by fitting a logistic regression model with log(tm pts / opp pts) as the explanatory variable. using this formula for all baa, nba, and aba seasons, the root mean-square error (rmse) is 3.14 wins. using an exponent of 16.5 (a common choice), the rmse is 3.48 wins. (note: an exponent of 10 is used for the wnba.) won-lost percentage; the formula is w / (w + l). year that the season occurred. since the nba season is split over two calendar years, the year given is the last year for that season. for example, the year for the 1999-00 season would be 2000..

3p% ast drtg field goal percentage; the formula is fg / fga. dean oliver's "four factors of basketball success"; please see the article four factors for more information. gs l pyth mvp minutes played (available since the 1951-52 season) ortg per game possessions (available since the 1973-74 season in the nba); the formula for teams is 0.5 * ((tm fga + 0.4 * tm fta - 1.07 * (tm orb / (tm orb + opp drb)) * (tm fga - tm fg) + tm tov) + (opp fga + 0.4 * opp fta - 1.07 * (opp orb / (opp orb + tm drb)) * (opp fga - opp fg) + opp tov)). this formula estimates possessions based on both the team's statistics and their opponent's statistics, then averages them to provide a more stable estimate. the formula for players is rather lengthy and can be found in dean oliver's book. points produced; dean oliver's measure of offensive points produced. please see dean's book for details. srs steals (available since the 1973-74 season in the nba) steal percentage (available since the 1973-74 season in the nba); the formula is 100 * (stl * (tm mp / 5)) / (mp * opp poss). steal percentage is an estimate of the percentage of opponent possessions that end with a steal by the player while he was on the floor. stops; dean oliver's measure of individual defensive stops. please see dean's book for details. turnover percentage (available since the 1977-78 season in the nba); the formula is 100 * tov / (fga + 0.44 * fta + tov). turnover percentage is an estimate of turnovers per 100 plays. trb total rebounds (available since the 1950-51 season) total rebound percentage (available since the 1970-71 season in the nba); the formula is 100 * (trb * (tm mp / 5)) / (mp * (tm trb + opp trb)). total rebound percentage is an estimate of the percentage of available rebounds a player grabbed while he was on the floor. w-l% ws the estimated probability that team a will defeat team b in a given matchup..

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2pa 2-point field goal attempts age age; player age on february 1 of the given season. dws effective field goal percentage; the formula is (fg + 0.5 * 3p) / fga. this statistic adjusts for the fact that a 3-point field goal is worth one more point than a 2-point field goal. for example, suppose player a goes 4 for 10 with 2 threes, while player b goes 5 for 10 with 0 threes. each player would have 10 points from field goals, and thus would have the same effective field goal percentage (50%). games behind; the formula is ((first w - w) + (l - first l)) / 2, where first w and first l stand for wins and losses by the first place team, respectively. games started (available since the 1982 season) l league opp opponent ows offensive win shares; please see the article calculating win shares for more information. poss rookie of the year true shooting attempts; the formula is fga + 0.44 * fta. pythagorean wins; the formula is g * (tm pts14 / (tm pts14 + opp pts14)). the formula was obtained by fitting a logistic regression model with log(tm pts / opp pts) as the explanatory variable. using this formula for all baa, nba, and aba seasons, the root mean-square error (rmse) is 3.14 wins. using an exponent of 16.5 (a common choice), the rmse is 3.48 wins. (note: an exponent of 10 is used for the wnba.) won-lost percentage; the formula is w / (w + l). year that the season occurred. since the nba season is split over two calendar years, the year given is the last year for that season. for example, the year for the 1999-00 season would be 2000..

3p% ast drtg field goal percentage; the formula is fg / fga. dean oliver's "four factors of basketball success"; please see the article four factors for more information. gs l pyth mvp minutes played (available since the 1951-52 season) ortg per game possessions (available since the 1973-74 season in the nba); the formula for teams is 0.5 * ((tm fga + 0.4 * tm fta - 1.07 * (tm orb / (tm orb + opp drb)) * (tm fga - tm fg) + tm tov) + (opp fga + 0.4 * opp fta - 1.07 * (opp orb / (opp orb + tm drb)) * (opp fga - opp fg) + opp tov)). this formula estimates possessions based on both the team's statistics and their opponent's statistics, then averages them to provide a more stable estimate. the formula for players is rather lengthy and can be found in dean oliver's book. points produced; dean oliver's measure of offensive points produced. please see dean's book for details. srs steals (available since the 1973-74 season in the nba) steal percentage (available since the 1973-74 season in the nba); the formula is 100 * (stl * (tm mp / 5)) / (mp * opp poss). steal percentage is an estimate of the percentage of opponent possessions that end with a steal by the player while he was on the floor. stops; dean oliver's measure of individual defensive stops. please see dean's book for details. turnover percentage (available since the 1977-78 season in the nba); the formula is 100 * tov / (fga + 0.44 * fta + tov). turnover percentage is an estimate of turnovers per 100 plays. trb total rebounds (available since the 1950-51 season) total rebound percentage (available since the 1970-71 season in the nba); the formula is 100 * (trb * (tm mp / 5)) / (mp * (tm trb + opp trb)). total rebound percentage is an estimate of the percentage of available rebounds a player grabbed while he was on the floor. w-l% ws the estimated probability that team a will defeat team b in a given matchup..